26. Renesas RZ/G

The “RZ/G” Family of high-end 64-bit Arm®-based microprocessors (MPUs) enables the solutions required for the smart society of the future. Through a variety of Arm Cortex®-A53 and A57-based devices, engineers can easily implement high-resolution human machine interfaces (HMI), embedded vision, embedded artificial intelligence (e-AI) and real-time control and industrial ethernet connectivity.

The scalable RZ/G hardware platform and flexible software platform cover the full product range, from the premium class to the entry level. Plug-ins are available for multiple open-source software tools.

26.1. Renesas RZ/G2 reference platforms:

Board

Details

hihope-rzg2h

“96 boards” compatible board from Hoperun equipped with Renesas RZ/G2H SoC

http://hihope.org/product/musashi

hihope-rzg2m

“96 boards” compatible board from Hoperun equipped with Renesas RZ/G2M SoC

http://hihope.org/product/musashi

hihope-rzg2n

“96 boards” compatible board from Hoperun equipped with Renesas RZ/G2N SoC

http://hihope.org/product/musashi

ek874

“96 boards” compatible board from Silicon Linux equipped with Renesas RZ/G2E SoC

https://www.si-linux.co.jp/index.php?CAT%2FCAT874

boards info

The current TF-A port has been tested on the HiHope RZ/G2M SoC_id r8a774a1 revision ES1.3.

ARM CA57 (ARMv8) 1.5 GHz dual core, with NEON/VFPv4, L1$ I/D 48K/32K, L2$ 1MB
ARM CA53 (ARMv8) 1.2 GHz quad core, with NEON/VFPv4, L1$ I/D 32K/32K, L2$ 512K
Memory controller for LPDDR4-3200 4GB in 2 channels(32-bit bus mode)
Two- and three-dimensional graphics engines,
Video processing units,
Display Output,
Video Input,
SD card host interface,
USB3.0 and USB2.0 interfaces,
CAN interfaces,
Ethernet AVB,
Wi-Fi + BT,
PCI Express Interfaces,
Memories
    INTERNAL 384KB SYSTEM RAM
    DDR 4 GB LPDDR4
    QSPI FLASH 64MB
    EMMC 32 GB EMMC (HS400 240 MBYTES/S)
    MICROSD-CARD SLOT (SDR104 100 MBYTES/S)

26.2. Overview

On RZ/G2 SoCs the BOOTROM starts the cpu at EL3; for this port BL2 will therefore be entered at this exception level (the Renesas’ ATF reference tree [1] resets into EL1 before entering BL2 - see its bl2.ld.S)

BL2 initializes DDR before determining the boot reason (cold or warm).

Once BL2 boots, it determines the boot reason, writes it to shared memory (BOOT_KIND_BASE) together with the BL31 parameters (PARAMS_BASE) and jumps to BL31.

To all effects, BL31 is as if it is being entered in reset mode since it still needs to initialize the rest of the cores; this is the reason behind using direct shared memory access to BOOT_KIND_BASE _and_ PARAMS_BASE instead of using registers to get to those locations (see el3_common_macros.S and bl31_entrypoint.S for the RESET_TO_BL31 use case).

[1] https://github.com/renesas-rz/meta-rzg2/tree/BSP-1.0.5/recipes-bsp/arm-trusted-firmware/files

26.3. How to build

The TF-A build options depend on the target board so you will have to refer to those specific instructions. What follows is customized to the HiHope RZ/G2M development kit used in this port.

26.3.1. Build Tested:

make bl2 bl31 rzg LOG_LEVEL=40 PLAT=rzg LSI=G2M RCAR_DRAM_SPLIT=2\
RCAR_LOSSY_ENABLE=1 SPD="none" MBEDTLS_DIR=$mbedtls

26.3.2. System Tested:

commit 72ca39737f974db44723760623d1b29980c00a88
Merge: ef94c4fcf dd9ec1c57
Author: Janos Follath <janos.follath@arm.com>
Date: Wed Oct 7 09:21:01 2020 +0100
  • u-boot: The port has beent tested using mainline uboot with HiHope RZ/G2M board specific patches.

commit 46ce9e777c1314ccb78906992b94001194eaa87b
Author: Heiko Schocher <hs@denx.de>
Date: Tue Nov 3 15:22:36 2020 +0100
  • linux: The port has beent tested using mainline kernel.

commit f8394f232b1eab649ce2df5c5f15b0e528c92091
Author: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Date: Sun Nov 8 16:10:16 2020 -0800
Linux 5.10-rc3

26.3.3. TF-A Build Procedure

  • Fetch all the above 3 repositories.

  • Prepare the AARCH64 toolchain.

  • Build u-boot using hihope_rzg2_defconfig.

    Result: u-boot-elf.srec

make CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu-
   hihope_rzg2_defconfig

make CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu-
  • Build TF-A

    Result: bootparam_sa0.srec, cert_header_sa6.srec, bl2.srec, bl31.srec

make bl2 bl31 rzg LOG_LEVEL=40 PLAT=rzg LSI=G2M RCAR_DRAM_SPLIT=2\
RCAR_LOSSY_ENABLE=1 SPD="none" MBEDTLS_DIR=$mbedtls

26.3.4. Install Procedure

  • Boot the board in Mini-monitor mode and enable access to the QSPI flash.

  • Use the flash_writer utility[2] to flash all the SREC files.

[2] https://github.com/renesas-rz/rzg2_flash_writer

26.4. Boot trace

INFO:    ARM GICv2 driver initialized
NOTICE:  BL2: RZ/G2 Initial Program Loader(CA57) Rev.2.0.6
NOTICE:  BL2: PRR is RZ/G2M Ver.1.3
NOTICE:  BL2: Board is HiHope RZ/G2M Rev.4.0
NOTICE:  BL2: Boot device is QSPI Flash(40MHz)
NOTICE:  BL2: LCM state is unknown
NOTICE:  BL2: DDR3200(rev.0.40)
NOTICE:  BL2: [COLD_BOOT]
NOTICE:  BL2: DRAM Split is 2ch
NOTICE:  BL2: QoS is default setting(rev.0.19)
NOTICE:  BL2: DRAM refresh interval 1.95 usec
NOTICE:  BL2: Periodic Write DQ Training
NOTICE:  BL2: CH0: 400000000 - 47fffffff, 2 GiB
NOTICE:  BL2: CH2: 600000000 - 67fffffff, 2 GiB
NOTICE:  BL2: Lossy Decomp areas
NOTICE:       Entry 0: DCMPAREACRAx:0x80000540 DCMPAREACRBx:0x570
NOTICE:       Entry 1: DCMPAREACRAx:0x40000000 DCMPAREACRBx:0x0
NOTICE:       Entry 2: DCMPAREACRAx:0x20000000 DCMPAREACRBx:0x0
NOTICE:  BL2: FDT at 0xe631db30
NOTICE:  BL2: v2.3(release):v2.4-rc0-2-g1433701e5
NOTICE:  BL2: Built : 13:45:26, Nov  7 2020
NOTICE:  BL2: Normal boot
INFO:    BL2: Doing platform setup
INFO:    BL2: Loading image id 3
NOTICE:  BL2: dst=0xe631d200 src=0x8180000 len=512(0x200)
NOTICE:  BL2: dst=0x43f00000 src=0x8180400 len=6144(0x1800)
WARNING: r-car ignoring the BL31 size from certificate,using RCAR_TRUSTED_SRAM_SIZE instead
INFO:    Loading image id=3 at address 0x44000000
NOTICE:  rcar_file_len: len: 0x0003e000
NOTICE:  BL2: dst=0x44000000 src=0x81c0000 len=253952(0x3e000)
INFO:    Image id=3 loaded: 0x44000000 - 0x4403e000
INFO:    BL2: Loading image id 5
INFO:    Loading image id=5 at address 0x50000000
NOTICE:  rcar_file_len: len: 0x00100000
NOTICE:  BL2: dst=0x50000000 src=0x8300000 len=1048576(0x100000)
INFO:    Image id=5 loaded: 0x50000000 - 0x50100000
NOTICE:  BL2: Booting BL31
INFO:    Entry point address = 0x44000000
INFO:    SPSR = 0x3cd


U-Boot 2021.01-rc1-00244-gac37e14fbd (Nov 04 2020 - 20:03:34 +0000)

CPU: Renesas Electronics R8A774A1 rev 1.3
Model: HopeRun HiHope RZ/G2M with sub board
DRAM:  3.9 GiB
MMC:   mmc@ee100000: 0, mmc@ee160000: 1
Loading Environment from MMC... OK
In:    serial@e6e88000
Out:   serial@e6e88000
Err:   serial@e6e88000
Net:   eth0: ethernet@e6800000
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0
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