7.43. Xilinx Zynq UltraScale+ MPSoC

Trusted Firmware-A (TF-A) implements the EL3 firmware layer for Xilinx Zynq UltraScale + MPSoC. The platform only uses the runtime part of TF-A as ZynqMP already has a BootROM (BL1) and FSBL (BL2).

BL31 is TF-A. BL32 is an optional Secure Payload. BL33 is the non-secure world software (U-Boot, Linux etc).

To build:

make CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-none-elf- PLAT=zynqmp RESET_TO_BL31=1 bl31

To build bl32 TSP you have to rebuild bl31 too:

make CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-none-elf- PLAT=zynqmp SPD=tspd RESET_TO_BL31=1 bl31 bl32

To build TF-A for JTAG DCC console:

make CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-none-elf- PLAT=zynqmp RESET_TO_BL31=1 bl31 ZYNQMP_CONSOLE=dcc

7.43.1. ZynqMP platform specific build options

  • XILINX_OF_BOARD_DTB_ADDR : Specifies the base address of Device tree.

  • ZYNQMP_ATF_MEM_BASE: Specifies the base address of the bl31 binary.

  • ZYNQMP_ATF_MEM_SIZE: Specifies the size of the memory region of the bl31 binary.

  • ZYNQMP_BL32_MEM_BASE: Specifies the base address of the bl32 binary.

  • ZYNQMP_BL32_MEM_SIZE: Specifies the size of the memory region of the bl32 binary.

  • ZYNQMP_CONSOLE: Select the console driver. Options:

    • cadence, cadence0: Cadence UART 0

    • cadence1 : Cadence UART 1

7.43.2. ZynqMP Debug behavior

With DEBUG=1, TF-A for ZynqMP uses DDR memory range instead of OCM memory range due to size constraints. For DEBUG=1 configuration for ZynqMP the BL31_BASE is set to the DDR location of 0x1000 and BL31_LIMIT is set to DDR location of 0x7FFFF. By default the above memory range will NOT be reserved in device tree.

To reserve the above memory range in device tree, the device tree base address must be provided during build as,

make CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-none-elf- PLAT=zynqmp RESET_TO_BL31=1 DEBUG=1

XILINX_OF_BOARD_DTB_ADDR=<DTB address> bl31

The default DTB base address for ZynqMP platform is 0x100000. This default value is not set in the code and to use this default address, user still needs to provide it through the build command as above.

If the user wants to move the bl31 to a different DDR location, user can provide the DDR address location using the build time parameters ZYNQMP_ATF_MEM_BASE and ZYNQMP_ATF_MEM_SIZE.

The DDR address must be reserved in the DTB by the user, either by manually adding the reserved memory node, in the device tree, with the required address range OR let TF-A modify the device tree on the run.

To let TF-A access and modify the device tree, the DTB address must be provided to the build command as follows,

make CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-none-elf- PLAT=zynqmp RESET_TO_BL31=1 DEBUG=1

ZYNQMP_ATF_MEM_BASE=<DDR address> ZYNQMP_ATF_MEM_SIZE=<size> XILINX_OF_BOARD_DTB_ADDR=<DTB address> bl31

7.43.3. DDR Address Range Usage

When FSBL runs on RPU and TF-A is to be placed in DDR address range, then the user needs to make sure that the DDR address is beyond 256KB. In the RPU view, the first 256 KB is TCM memory.

For this use case, with the minimum base address in DDR for TF-A, the build command example is;

make CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-none-elf- PLAT=zynqmp RESET_TO_BL31=1 DEBUG=1

ZYNQMP_ATF_MEM_BASE=0x40000 ZYNQMP_ATF_MEM_SIZE=<size>

7.43.4. Configurable Stack Size

The stack size in TF-A for ZynqMP platform is configurable. The custom package can define the desired stack size as per the requirement in the make file as follows,

PLATFORM_STACK_SIZE := <value> $(eval $(call add_define,PLATFORM_STACK_SIZE))

7.43.5. FSBL->TF-A Parameter Passing

The FSBL populates a data structure with image information for TF-A. TF-A uses that data to hand off to the loaded images. The address of the handoff data structure is passed in the PMU_GLOBAL.GLOBAL_GEN_STORAGE6 register. The register is free to be used by other software once TF-A has brought up further firmware images.

7.43.6. Power Domain Tree

The following power domain tree represents the power domain model used by TF-A for ZynqMP:

            +-+
            |0|
            +-+
 +-------+---+---+-------+
 |       |       |       |
 |       |       |       |
 v       v       v       v
+-+     +-+     +-+     +-+
|0|     |1|     |2|     |3|
+-+     +-+     +-+     +-+

The 4 leaf power domains represent the individual A53 cores, while resources common to the cluster are grouped in the power domain on the top.

7.43.7. CUSTOM SIP service support

  • Dedicated SMC FID ZYNQMP_SIP_SVC_CUSTOM(0x82002000)(32-bit)/ (0xC2002000)(64-bit) to be used by a custom package for providing CUSTOM SIP service.

  • by default platform provides bare minimum definition for custom_smc_handler in this service.

  • to use this service, custom package should implement their smc handler with the name custom_smc_handler. once custom package is included in TF-A build, their definition of custom_smc_handler is enabled.

7.43.8. Custom package makefile fragment inclusion in TF-A build

  • custom package is not directly part of TF-A source.

  • <CUSTOM_PKG_PATH> is the location at which user clones a custom package locally.

  • custom package needs to implement makefile fragment named custom_pkg.mk so as to get included in TF-A build.

  • custom_pkg.mk specify all the rules to include custom package specific header files, dependent libs, source files that are supposed to be included in TF-A build.

  • when <CUSTOM_PKG_PATH> is specified in TF-A build command, custom_pkg.mk is included from <CUSTOM_PKG_PATH> in TF-A build.

  • TF-A build command: make CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-none-elf- PLAT=zynqmp RESET_TO_BL31=1 bl31 CUSTOM_PKG_PATH=<…>

7.43.9. Reference DEN0028E SMC calling convention

7.43.10. Allocated subranges of Function Identifier to SIP services

SMC Function

Identifier Service type

0xC2000000-0xC200FFFF

Fast SMC64 SiP Service Calls as per SMCCC Section 6.1

7.43.11. IPI SMC call ranges

SMC Function Identifier

Service type

0xc2001000-0xc2001FFF

Fast SMC64 SiP Service call range used for AMD-Xilinx IPI

7.43.12. PM SMC call ranges

SMC Function Identifier

Service type

0xc2000000-0xc2000FFF

Fast SMC64 SiP Service call range used for AMD-Xilinx Platform Management

7.43.13. SMC function IDs for SiP Service queries

Service

Call UID

Revision

SiP Service

0x8200_FF01

0x8200_FF03

Call UID Query – Returns a unique identifier of the service provider.

Revision Query – Returns revision details of the service implementor.

7.43.14. CUSTOM SIP service support

Service

32-bit

64-bit

SiP Service

0x82002000

0xC2002000