2. Activity Monitors

FEAT_AMUv1 of the Armv8-A architecture introduces the Activity Monitors extension. This extension describes the architecture for the Activity Monitor Unit (AMU), an optional non-invasive component for monitoring core events through a set of 64-bit counters.

When the ENABLE_AMU=1 build option is provided, Trusted Firmware-A sets up the AMU prior to its exit from EL3, and will save and restore architected AMU counters as necessary upon suspend and resume.

2.1. Auxiliary counters

FEAT_AMUv1 describes a set of implementation-defined auxiliary counters (also known as group 1 counters), controlled by the ENABLE_AMU_AUXILIARY_COUNTERS build option.

As a security precaution, Trusted Firmware-A does not enable these by default. Instead, platforms may configure their auxiliary counters through one of two possible mechanisms:

  • FCONF, controlled by the ENABLE_AMU_FCONF build option.

  • A platform implementation of the plat_amu_topology function (the default).

See Activity Monitor Unit (AMU) Bindings for documentation on the FCONF device tree bindings.

Copyright (c) 2021, Arm Limited. All rights reserved.